The verbs section is arranged differently
than the other vocabulary lessons on this site. Instead of arranging
words in terms of a theme, they will be arranged according to the type of
object which they take.
This type of verb requires an object. If these verbs
appear without an object in the sentence, an object must be understood from
the context or have a resultative complement. In English these would be
called "transitive verbs"
An example would be the English word "hit".
You have to say what is being hit. "The boy hits the girl",
"The bat hit the ball", etc. You cannot omit the object.
If the object is unknown you can use a generic object "something".
An exception to this would be when the object has a verb
complement (an adverb describing how the verb is executed). "He
hits." is not acceptable, but "He hits well." is fine.
The same is true of the words in Chinese below.
IO- This verb can take an Indirect Object
RC- Can take a resultative complement in place of an object Def- The first choice in the box is the verb's default object
mean either to participate in something, or to attend it.
has several functions in addition to the basic meaning of "to
hit". One common use is to refer to playing any sport where
hitting is involved, but it does not refer to playing games where contact
is not part of the game.
guo4means "to cross", "to go beyond", or "to
pass through". guo4sheng1
means "to die" because it literally means "to pass beyond
kai1means both "to open" and "to start". It
functions in many ways, including as a resultative complement. It is
also the verb used mean "turn on" in refer to electrical
zhu3fan4means both to cook rice,
and to cook any sort of meal.